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Adai Caddo History

Brief History of the Adai Caddo Indian Nation:

Considering the fact that Native Americans were the first people on this continent, it should stand to reason that Native American history, art, folk tales, literature, spiritual beliefs, and language would be a major focus in American History. Instead, the contributions and historical data of many Native American Nations have been absent from American History books leaving a void in the history of America’s true beginnings. Americans who make a personal investment in discovering the true history of the Native American will have a greater understanding and appreciation of the Native American experience.

Adai Caddo Indian Nation: An Overview

Adai is the name of a Native American people of northwestern Louisiana and northeastern Texas with a Southeastern culture. The name Adai is derived from the Caddo word Hadai meaning ‘brushwood’. Evidence indicates that the emergence of the Adai Caddo Indian Nation first appeared in the early 1500s. The Adai were among the first peoples in North America to experience European contact—and were profoundly affected by their presence and interactions.  Early encounters with the Adai Caddo Indians were chronicled by Spaniards explorer Cabeza de Vaca in the 16th century. It would be more than 400 years subsequent to these early writings that the Adai Caddo Indian Nation would officially be recognized as an authentic tribal nation by the State of Louisiana.

The Adai Caddo Indian Nation has a vast presence in American History but limited information is recorded about the Nation’s history, culture, and traditions, in history books but many records of the Adai history are found in the archives. What is known is that the Adai Caddo Indians subsequently, 14 families moved away from their original homelands and migrated with the Spanish to reestablish the Capital of Texas at Bexar (today’s San Antonio Texas), after closing the former Presidio de Los Adais that served as the capital of Texas for almost 50 years that was located in the Texas and Louisiana regions but soon returned to join their tribe and of their history also connects the Adai Caddo Indian Nation to French explorers Iberville and Joutel in the 17th century. These explorers had exchanges with the Adai Caddo people that included trade and settlement. Although little is recorded in American History books, oral history discloses how the Adai Caddo as an independent Indian Nation having a notable role in shaping American culture and influencing the destinies of both Texas and Louisiana territories.

Before the middle of the nineteenth century the term Caddo denoted only one of at least twenty-five distinct but closely affiliated groups centered in the Red River in Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. The term Caddo derives from the French abbreviation of Kadohadacho, a word meaning “real chief” or “real Caddo” in the Kadohadacho dialect. European chroniclers referred to the Caddo groups as the Hasinai, Kadohadacho, and Natchitoches confederacies, although the “confederacies” are better interpreted as kin-based affiliated groups of Caddo communities. Twentieth-century archeological investigations of many prehistoric Caddoan sites indicate that Caddo communities were widely dispersed throughout the major and minor stream valleys of the Caddoan area approximately by  A.D. 800. The importance of this relationship and tribal history gives a better understanding of the beginnings of the Adai Caddo Indian Nation.

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